Journal of Development Review

It is our great pleasure to share that TUTA Unit of Saraswati Multiple Campus (a unit of Tribhuvan University Teachers ’Association, Nepal) has been putting efforts in publishing the peer reviewed multidisciplinary journal entitled ‘Journal of Development Review’ since 2008. The publication provides the opportunity for disseminating research findings of the students, faculties and other concerned stakeholders in the form of research articles, reviews, case studies, and viewpoints. We believe that these attempts will bring new information and ideas in the academic community and improve education and research excellence in the society, and also support planners and policy makers for formulating appropriate and specific strategies. We are grateful to all the contributors for their valued articles. Our authors have made substantive academic contributions and being accountable for the publications they have made. We are pleased to extend our thanks to the TUTA Unit of Saraswati Multiple Campus for providing the opportunity to publishing this issue of the journal.

Editorial Board


Gol Man Gurung, PhD

Campus Chief, Saraswati Multiple Campus


Sanjaya Acharya, PhD


Dilip Singh Sarankoti (Magar)

Dibya Laxmi Bajracharya

Bala Khadka

Shiva Raj Ghimire

Janak Paudel

Ira Shrestha


Prof. Sateesh Kumar Ojha, PhD

Prof. Bagala Basnet, PhD

Prof. Devi Prasad Gautam, PhD

Prof. Dhurba Kumar Ghimire,

PhD Prof. Krishna Chandra Sharma, PhD

Research and Publication Committee

Kalpana Luitel, PhD

Bishnu Neupane, PhD

Janga Bahadur Hamal